Litigation Lawyers in Beckley
In Beckley, West Virginia, civil procedure is exactly what it sounds like: it refers to the rules that govern how civil litigation is conducted.
In Beckley, West Virginia, the civil procedure rules are meant to ensure that the civil litigation system is as efficient, accessible, fair, and inexpensive as possible.
Civil litigation, however, is inherently complex. So, there is no getting around the fact that the civil procedure rules in Beckley, West Virginia are also going to be somewhat complicated and obtuse (or at least parts of them are). Remember, these rules govern every single thing that happens in a civil lawsuit, from the first complaint, to the last appeal.
Major Beckley, West Virginia Civil Procedure Issues
Complaint: Perhaps the most important part of filing a lawsuit in Beckley, West Virginia is the complaint. The complaint is a document filed with a Beckley, West Virginia court that lays out the plaintiff's (the person filing the suit) allegations against the defendant (the person being sued), as well as the relief that the plaintiff is seeking from the court.
Answer: After the plaintiff files the complaint, the defendant has to act. While they have a few options at this stage of the game, most defendants elect to file an answer. The answer is the defendant's first direct response to the plaintiff's allegations. Sometimes, the answer contains a general denial, in which the defendant simply denies everything the plaintiff alleges. It might also contain a point-by-point addressing of every allegation the plaintiff makes, denying some, and admitting some.
Discovery: Once the initial documents have been filed by both parties in the correct Beckley, West Virginia court, the discovery process begins. "Discovery" refers to a wide range of disclosures that each side of the lawsuit must make to the other. Essentially, everyone involved in the lawsuit has to disclose every piece of information in their possession (with some exceptions) that's relevant to the factual issues in the case. There are a few different methods that are employed in this process: each side can send written questions to the other, which must be answered under oath. They can also request documents, as well as access to physical evidence. They can also conduct depositions (in-person Q&A sessions) of parties and witnesses.
Trial: In Beckley, West Virginia, it's actually extremely rare for civil lawsuits to go to trial. Of all the lawsuits that are filed, only a tiny minority make it to trial. The majority are either dismissed, or settled. This is by design: the civil procedure rules in Beckley are specifically meant to encourage early resolution of legal disputes, without resorting to a costly and time-consuming trial. However, when a case does go to trial, it is for the purpose of a jury resolving all of the factual disputes between the parties. Each side will present evidence obtained through the discovery process, call witnesses, and make arguments on behalf of their position. Once the jury reaches a verdict (a finding of fact), the judge enters a judgment on the verdict.
How Can a Beckley, West Virginia Lawyer Help?
If you're facing any significant legal issue in Beckley, West Virginia, you can be pretty much certain that you'll face at least a few procedural complications that can hold up the process.
Civil Procedure in Beckley, West Virginia can be pretty complicated. It's always a good idea to have a lawyer who can advise you on how best to deal with these civil procedure issues.