Litigation Lawyers in St Louis County
"Civil procedure" refers to the wide variety of rules that govern the process of civil litigation in St Louis County, Minnesota. It does not deal with the substantive rights that the litigation system is meant to protect, just the process by which it protects them.
St Louis County, Minnesota's government strives to make the civil justice system fair, efficient, and accessible. The rules of civil procedure are designed to encourage those goals, to the greatest extent possible.
In St Louis County, Minnesota, civil litigation is typically extremely convoluted. So, it shouldn't be a surprise that the rules of civil procedure can also be fairly difficult. After all, they govern everything from the first document filed by the plaintiff, to the last ruling issued by an appeals court.
Major St Louis County, Minnesota Civil Procedure Issues
Complaint: Perhaps the most important part of filing a lawsuit in St Louis County, Minnesota is the complaint. The complaint is a document filed with a St Louis County, Minnesota court that lays out the plaintiff's (the person filing the suit) allegations against the defendant (the person being sued), as well as the relief that the plaintiff is seeking from the court.
Answer: After the plaintiff files the complaint, the defendant has to act. While they have a few options at this stage of the game, most defendants elect to file an answer. The answer is the defendant's first direct response to the plaintiff's allegations. Sometimes, the answer contains a general denial, in which the defendant simply denies everything the plaintiff alleges. It might also contain a point-by-point addressing of every allegation the plaintiff makes, denying some, and admitting some.
Discovery: After the complaint has been filed in the St Louis County, Minnesota court of competent jurisdiction, the next major phase is the discovery process. In a civil lawsuit, there are not supposed to be any surprises (so the dramatic moments you see in TV trials are largely fiction). This predictability largely comes from the discovery process. Each side of the lawsuit has to disclose information relevant to the lawsuit to the other. This information can be received by sending the other side written questions, which must be answered under oath, demanding access to documents, and deposing witnesses.
Trial: It's quite rare for lawsuits in St Louis County, Minnesota to go to trial. St Louis County's civil procedure rules really discourage trials, and rather have designed the system so that it's almost always more cost-effective to settle out of court. However, if this is not possible, the matter will go to trial, where a judge and/or jury will determine the factual questions, and then award the appropriate relief (if any) to the prevailing party.
How Can a St Louis County, Minnesota Lawyer Help?
If you are facing a legal issue of any kind in St Louis County, Minnesota, you are going to face civil procedure issues.
Because the rules of civil procedure in St Louis County, Minnesota are complicated, it's smart to have the counsel of an accomplished attorney through every step of the process.