Litigation Lawyers in Apple Valley
"Civil procedure" refers to the wide variety of rules that govern the process of civil litigation in Apple Valley, Minnesota. It does not deal with the substantive rights that the litigation system is meant to protect, just the process by which it protects them.
Apple Valley, Minnesota's government strives to make the civil justice system fair, efficient, and accessible. The rules of civil procedure are designed to encourage those goals, to the greatest extent possible.
Civil litigation, however, is inherently difficult. So, there is no getting around the fact that the civil procedure rules in Apple Valley, Minnesota are also going to be somewhat convoluted and obtuse (or at least parts of them are). Remember, these rules govern every single thing that happens in a civil lawsuit, from the first complaint, to the last appeal.
Major Apple Valley, Minnesota Civil Procedure Issues
Complaint: Perhaps the most important part of filing a lawsuit in Apple Valley, Minnesota is the complaint. The complaint is a document filed with a Apple Valley, Minnesota court that lays out the plaintiff's (the person filing the suit) allegations against the defendant (the person being sued), as well as the relief that the plaintiff is seeking from the court.
Answer: Once the complaint is filed, the ball is in the defendant's court, so to speak. In the answer, the defendant has an opportunity to respond to all of the factual allegations made by the plaintiff, normally by denying them. The defendant might also raise affirmative defenses, which could prevent the defendant from being held liable. For example, if the defendant is accused of battery, and he did, in fact, batter the plaintiff, he might admit to that fact, but claim that the plaintiff was the aggressor, and he acted purely in self-defense. If he can show that he acted in self-defense, he likely will not be held liable.
Discovery: Once the initial documents have been filed by both parties in the correct Apple Valley, Minnesota court, the discovery process begins. "Discovery" refers to a wide range of disclosures that each side of the lawsuit must make to the other. Essentially, everyone involved in the lawsuit has to disclose every piece of information in their possession (with some exceptions) that's relevant to the factual issues in the case. There are a few different methods that are employed in this process: each side can send written questions to the other, which must be answered under oath. They can further request documents, as well as access to physical evidence. They can also conduct depositions (in-person Q&A sessions) of parties and witnesses.
Trial: It is really quite rare for civil lawsuits in Apple Valley, Minnesota to go to trial, since the rules of civil procedure in Apple Valley strongly encourage early resolution to cases by dismissal of lawsuits that have no merit, and negotiated settlement of those that do. However, when neither of those things happen, the case goes to trial. This is when a judge and jury decide the questions of law and fact, respectively, raised in the case. The jury then issues a verdict, based on the evidence presented to them.
How Can a Apple Valley, Minnesota Lawyer Help?
If you're facing a lawsuit in Apple Valley, Minnesota whether as the plaintiff or defendant, you will have to deal with your jurisdiction's civil procedure rules.
Because the rules of civil procedure in Apple Valley, Minnesota are complicated, it's smart to have the counsel of an accomplished attorney through every step of the process.