Litigation Lawyers in New Albany
"Civil procedure" refers to the wide variety of rules that govern the process of civil litigation in New Albany, Indiana. It does not deal with the substantive rights that the litigation system is meant to protect, just the process by which it protects them.
The rules of civil procedure in New Albany, Indiana are designed to make the process of civil litigation as efficient, cost-effective, simple, and fair as possible.
Civil litigation in New Albany, Indiana is almost never a simple process. So, the rules governing this process can't always be simple, either. Remember, civil procedure covers every single step of the civil litigation process, which can drag on for years.
Major New Albany, Indiana Civil Procedure Issues
Complaint: The first, and perhaps most important, part of filing a lawsuit in New Albany, Indiana is the complaint. The complaint is filed with the court in New Albany, Indiana that's responsible for handling civil trials. It lists everything that the plaintiff (the person who is suing) alleges against the defendant (the person the plaintiff is suing). Usually, but not always, the end of the complaint will contain a "prayer for relief." The prayer for relief is simply a statement of what the plaintiff is asking the court to do to remedy the harm that the defendant allegedly caused.
Answer: Once the complaint is filed, the ball is in the defendant's court, so to speak. In the answer, the defendant has an opportunity to respond to all of the factual allegations made by the plaintiff, usually by denying them. The defendant might also raise affirmative defenses, which could prevent the defendant from being held liable. For example, if the defendant is accused of battery, and he did, in fact, batter the plaintiff, he might admit to that fact, but claim that the plaintiff was the aggressor, and he acted purely in self-defense. If he can prove that he acted in self-defense, he likely will not be held liable.
Discovery: The civil procedure rules in New Albany, Indiana were written with the purpose of, among other things, avoiding surprises. For that reason, everyone involved in a lawsuit goes into trial with a pretty good idea of what evidence the other side has. This is largely because of the discovery process, during which the attorneys for both sides are required to disclose (with some exemptions) all information relevant to the trial which they have in their possession. These disclosures come in multiple forms, such as simply sending boxes of documents, deposing witnesses, or submitting written questions to the other side, which the recipient is obligated to answer under oath.
Trial: Although the trial is arguably the most dramatic element of civil procedure in New Albany, Indiana, it is actually extremely rare for civil lawsuits to make it this far. Civil procedure in New Albany is designed to encourage early settlement of cases, or dismissal of cases that don't have any legal or factual merit. However, in the rare cases when the case is not dismissed, and the parties can't reach a settlement, the matter will go to trial. A trial is the most visible aspect of civil litigation, and it is the stage when all of the legal and factual questions raised by both parties are resolved by a judge and jury, respectively.
How Can a New Albany, Indiana Lawyer Help?
If you're facing any significant legal issue in New Albany, Indiana, you can be pretty much certain that you'll face at least a few procedural complications that can hold up the process.
The rules of civil procedure in New Albany, Indiana are not always simple or intuitive. With that in mind, it's very important to have a good attorney on your side, to help you through the process.