Litigation Lawyers in Tinley Park
"Civil procedure" refers to the wide variety of rules that govern the process of civil litigation in Tinley Park, Illinois. It does not deal with the substantive rights that the litigation system is meant to protect, just the process by which it protects them.
The rules of civil procedure in Tinley Park, Illinois are designed to make the process of civil litigation as efficient, cost-effective, simple, and fair as possible.
In Tinley Park, Illinois, civil litigation is typically extremely intricate. So, it shouldn't be a surprise that the rules of civil procedure can also be fairly confusing. After all, they govern everything from the first document filed by the plaintiff, to the last ruling issued by an appeals court.
Major Tinley Park, Illinois Civil Procedure Issues
Complaint: The first, and perhaps most important, part of filing a lawsuit in Tinley Park, Illinois is the complaint. The complaint is filed with the court in Tinley Park, Illinois that's responsible for handling civil trials. It lists everything that the plaintiff (the person who is suing) alleges against the defendant (the person the plaintiff is suing). Typically, but not always, the end of the complaint will contain a "prayer for relief." The prayer for relief is simply a statement of what the plaintiff is asking the court to do to remedy the harm that the defendant allegedly caused.
Answer: After the plaintiff files the complaint, the defendant has to act. While they have a few options at this stage of the game, most defendants elect to file an answer. The answer is the defendant's first direct response to the plaintiff's allegations. Sometimes, the answer contains a general denial, in which the defendant simply denies everything the plaintiff alleges. It might also contain a point-by-point addressing of every allegation the plaintiff makes, denying some, and admitting some.
Discovery: Once both sides have fired their opening volleys in the form of the complaint and answer, the next process in civil litigation in Tinley Park, Illinois is discovery. Under the civil procedure rules of most jurisdictions in the U.S., each side of a lawsuit is required by law to disclose relevant information to the other side. These disclosures come in the form of depositions, the production of documents, and answers to written questions submitted by opposing counsel.
Trial: It is truly quite rare for civil lawsuits in Tinley Park, Illinois to go to trial, since the rules of civil procedure in Tinley Park strongly encourage early resolution to cases by dismissal of lawsuits that have no merit, and negotiated settlement of those that do. However, when neither of those things happen, the case goes to trial. This is when a judge and jury decide the questions of law and fact, respectively, raised in the case. The jury then issues a verdict, based on the evidence presented to them.
How Can a Tinley Park, Illinois Lawyer Help?
If you're suing someone, or are being sued, in Tinley Park, Illinois, dealing with issues of civil procedure is going to be a fact of life for quite some time.
The rules of civil procedure in Tinley Park, Illinois are not always simple or intuitive. With that in mind, it's very important to have a knowledgeable attorney on your side, to help you through the process.