Toms River, New Jersey Civil Procedures

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Litigation Lawyers in Toms River

In Toms River, New Jersey, "civil procedure" is a broad term that refers to all of the statutes that control the process of civil litigation. Procedural law (such as civil procedure) is distinguished from substantive law, which covers the rights and obligations that the civil justice system is designed to safeguard.

Like all laws, the rules of civil procedure in Toms River, New Jersey reflect particular values that society, through its elected representatives, wants to encourage. So, the rules of civil procedure have the stated goal of ensuring that the justice system is fair, cost effective, efficient, and accessible to everyone who has a legitimate legal grievance.

Toms River, New Jersey's civil procedure rules can get pretty difficult, however. They control every aspect of a civil action, from the filing of the complaint, to discovery, and all the way through trial and appeals.

Major Toms River, New Jersey Civil Procedure Issues

Complaint: In Toms River, New Jersey the initial step in suing somebody (after speaking with a lawyer to determine if you have a case) is normally filing a complaint. The complaint is also one of the most significant documents in the civil litigation process. By laying out the wrongs that the plaintiff alleges the defendant has committed, as well as the remedies that the plaintiff wants the court to provide, it can set the tone for the entire rest of the case.

Answer: The answer is normally the first document that the defendant files, and it is meant to serve as a direct response to the plaintiff's complaint. It normally denies all of the plaintiff's major allegations. It might also lay out affirmative defenses. An "affirmative defense" is a set of reasons that negate the defendant's liability even if their conduct would ordinarily be unlawful. For example, in a lawsuit for battery, a defendant might admit that he struck the plaintiff, but claim that he acted in self-defense. If that can be shown, it would negate, or mitigate, his liability to the plaintiff.

Discovery: Once the complaint and answer have been filed in a Toms River, New Jersey court, the next major civil procedure issue comes up. Discovery is the procedure in which both sides of the lawsuit are obligated to disclose obligated evidence to one another. The lawyers for each side can submit written questions, which the other party is required to answer under oath, unless the information is privileged. Each side can also request any relevant documents, physical evidence, and can conduct depositions of witnesses and parties to the lawsuit.

Trial: Although the trial is arguably the most dramatic element of civil procedure in Toms River, New Jersey, it is really very rare for civil lawsuits to make it this far. Civil procedure in Toms River is designed to encourage early settlement of cases, or dismissal of cases that don't have any legal or factual merit. Nonetheless, in the rare cases when the case is not dismissed, and the parties can't reach a settlement, the matter will go to trial. A trial is the most visible aspect of civil litigation, and it is the stage when all of the legal and factual questions raised by both parties are resolved by a judge and jury, respectively.

How Can a Toms River, New Jersey Lawyer Help?

If you're suing anyone, or are being sued, in Toms River, New Jersey, dealing with issues of civil procedure is going to be a fact of life for quite some time.

Civil Procedure in Toms River, New Jersey can be pretty difficult. It's always a good idea to have a lawyer who can advise you on how best to deal with these civil procedure issues.

Talk to a Law Attorney now!

Life in Toms River

Toms River underwent a name change in November of 2006. Prior to being called Toms River, the city was called the Township of Dover. As of 2010, the city has a population of 91,239 people.

The city is known because in 2006 it was ranked fourteenth amongst the Safest City in the U.S. by Morgan Quitno. Three hundred and sixty-nine cities were surveyed. CQ Press, in 2007 and 2008 also ranked Toms River in their Safest Cities list.

Toms River has been pictured in popular television shows such as MTV's Made and Jersey Shore, as well as Boardwalk Empire on HBO. It has also been pictured in the popular film The Amityville Horror.

The area is home to many attorneys who have established well-respected practices. Therefore, the legal inquiries of residents and local businesses can easily be handled by Toms River's legal force.

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