Litigation Lawyers in Grand Forks
In Grand Forks, North Dakota, a "tort" is any wrongful act, besides a breach of contract or a crime, that the judicial system can remedy.
Essentially, any bad act in Grand Forks, North Dakota that gives you the legal right to sue the person who committed the act, is a tort. Your particular right to sue is called a "cause of action."
Grand Forks, North Dakota's laws recognize many different torts. Nonetheless, the civil litigation system only deals with a few of these dozens of torts with any frequency. While the most obscure torts are sometimes litigated, there are only a small amount that the ordinary person is likely to deal with (either as a plaintiff or defendant) at some point in their lives. They include fraud, negligence, intentional infliction of emotional distress, and battery.
Types of Torts in Grand Forks, North Dakota
Negligence: Negligence is by far the most common tort that results in litigation in Grand Forks, North Dakota. Negligence is a failure to exercise the amount of care appropriate for a certain situation, and causing harm to someone else as a result of this carelessness. For instance, running a red light is inherently careless. If you run a red light, and cause personal injury or property damage, you are liable for the harm you caused. Of course, this is just one instance, and negligence can occur in practically any context.
Fraud: Unlike negligence, fraud is an intentional tort. Like negligence, courts in Grand Forks, North Dakota deal with it quite often. Put simply, fraud is a lie told for personal gain. It requires an affirmative misrepresentation, which the speaker knows to be false, intended to induce the victim to render some benefit to the speaker, which causes actual harm (such as financial loss) to the victim. It occurs most often when somebody is trying to sell something for more than it's worth, and lies about the nature or value of the product to the buyer. If the buyer relies on the seller's false statements of fact in making the decision to buy the product, the seller has committed fraud. In such a situation, the buyer is legally entitled to compensation for the harm suffered as a result of the fraud.
element of battery is pretty straightforward: if you engage in physical contact with another that causes pain and/or injury, you've committed battery. It's essential to note that the contact does not need to be harmful to amount to battery - it can also be offensive. What constitutes "offensive" contact is largely subjective, and unless the conduct is truly sleazy (unwanted sexual contact, for example), a battery lawsuit is pretty unlikely to result. One of the more grave forms of battery can occur when a patient is in surgery, and the surgeon, for whatever reason, operates on the wrong body part. Because the patient did not consent to this contact, the surgeon has committed a severe form of battery.
Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress: This is a tort in Grand Forks, North Dakota that involves emotional distress, and does not need physical harm or financial loss. It is also known by the acronym IIED. IIED is committed when a person engages in outrageous conduct towards another, with the intent of causing emotional distress, and actually causes the intended distress.
How Can A Grand Forks, North Dakota Tort Lawyer Help?
If somebody has harmed you, either intentionally or negligently, in Grand Forks, North Dakota, you might have a cause of action. On the other hand, if you find yourself in the unenviable situation of being sued for a tort, you have a right to defend yourself, and will likely want to, for obvious reasons.
Whatever your situation, a tort lawyer who has expertise in representing people in Grand Forks, North Dakota tort cases can advise you on the best way to proceed, and give you the best chance of winning your case, whatever side you're on.