Litigation Lawyers in Minneapolis
"Civil procedure" refers to the wide variety of rules that govern the process of civil litigation in Minneapolis, Minnesota. It does not deal with the substantive rights that the litigation system is meant to protect, just the process by which it protects them.
Minneapolis, Minnesota's government strives to make the civil justice system fair, efficient, and accessible. The rules of civil procedure are designed to encourage those goals, to the greatest extent possible.
Civil litigation, however, is inherently difficult. So, there is no getting around the fact that the civil procedure rules in Minneapolis, Minnesota are also going to be somewhat convoluted and obtuse (or at least parts of them are). Remember, these rules govern every single thing that happens in a civil lawsuit, from the first complaint, to the last appeal.
Major Minneapolis, Minnesota Civil Procedure Issues
Complaint: The complaint is probably the most important document that the plaintiff will file in a Minneapolis, Minnesota lawsuit, and it is normally the first. The complaint contains all of the plaintiff's allegations against the defendant, as well as the relief that the plaintiff is asking the court to provide. Thus, it can frame the tone, as well as the legal and factual issues, that will dominate the rest of the case.
Answer: After the plaintiff files the complaint, the defendant has to act. While they have a few options at this stage of the game, most defendants elect to file an answer. The answer is the defendant's first direct response to the plaintiff's allegations. Sometimes, the answer contains a general denial, in which the defendant simply denies everything the plaintiff alleges. It might also contain a point-by-point addressing of every allegation the plaintiff makes, denying some, and admitting some.
Discovery: Once the complaint and answer have been filed in a Minneapolis, Minnesota court, the next major civil procedure issue comes up. Discovery is the process in which both sides of the lawsuit are required to disclose required evidence to one another. The lawyers for each side can submit written questions, which the other party is required to answer under oath, unless the information is privileged. Each side can also request any relevant documents, physical evidence, and can conduct depositions of witnesses and parties to the lawsuit.
Trial: It's quite rare for lawsuits in Minneapolis, Minnesota to go to trial. Minneapolis's civil procedure rules really discourage trials, and rather have designed the system so that it's almost always more cost-effective to settle out of court. However, if this is not possible, the matter will go to trial, where a judge and/or jury will determine the factual questions, and then award the appropriate relief (if any) to the prevailing party.
How Can a Minneapolis, Minnesota Lawyer Help?
If you're facing a lawsuit in Minneapolis, Minnesota whether as the plaintiff or defendant, you will have to deal with your jurisdiction's civil procedure rules.
It should go without saying that you should have a Minneapolis, Minnesota attorney on hand to deal with any civil procedure issues that you're almost certain to face, if you're immersed in a lawsuit.