Litigation Lawyers in La Porte
"Civil procedure" refers to the wide variety of rules that govern the process of civil litigation in La Porte, Indiana. It does not deal with the substantive rights that the litigation system is meant to protect, just the process by which it protects them.
The rules of civil procedure in La Porte, Indiana are designed to make the process of civil litigation as efficient, cost-effective, simple, and fair as possible.
Civil litigation in La Porte, Indiana is almost never a simple process. So, the rules governing this process can't always be simple, either. Remember, civil procedure covers every single step of the civil litigation process, which can drag on for years.
Major La Porte, Indiana Civil Procedure Issues
Complaint: The first, and perhaps most important, part of filing a lawsuit in La Porte, Indiana is the complaint. The complaint is filed with the court in La Porte, Indiana that's responsible for handling civil trials. It lists everything that the plaintiff (the person who is suing) alleges against the defendant (the person the plaintiff is suing). Usually, but not always, the end of the complaint will contain a "prayer for relief." The prayer for relief is simply a statement of what the plaintiff is asking the court to do to remedy the harm that the defendant allegedly caused.
Answer: The answer is a document filed by the defendant, in response to a complaint. The answer usually contains a few things: typically, it denies most of the allegations made by the plaintiff. If it does not deny the factual assertions in the complaint, it will usually raise legal defenses, known as affirmative defenses, arguing that even if everything the plaintiff alleges is true, the defendant should not be held liable, because of extenuating circumstances.
Discovery: The civil procedure rules in La Porte, Indiana were written with the purpose of, among other things, avoiding surprises. For that reason, everyone involved in a lawsuit goes into trial with a pretty good idea of what evidence the other side has. This is largely because of the discovery process, during which the attorneys for both sides are required to disclose (with some exemptions) all information relevant to the trial which they have in their possession. These disclosures come in multiple forms, such as simply sending boxes of documents, deposing witnesses, or submitting written questions to the other side, which the recipient is obligated to answer under oath.
Trial: It's quite rare for lawsuits in La Porte, Indiana to go to trial. La Porte's civil procedure rules actually discourage trials, and instead have designed the system so that it's almost always more cost-effective to settle out of court. However, if this is not possible, the matter will go to trial, where a judge and/or jury will determine the factual questions, and then award the appropriate relief (if any) to the prevailing party.
How Can a La Porte, Indiana Lawyer Help?
If you are facing a legal issue of any kind in La Porte, Indiana, you are going to encounter civil procedure issues.
The rules of civil procedure in La Porte, Indiana are not always simple or intuitive. With that in mind, it's very important to have a good attorney on your side, to help you through the process.